How Carbohydrates Affect Your Health?


How do carbohydrates affect your health?

Carbohydrates are the body’s most important energy source. They can be divided into three main types based on their chemical structure: sugar, starch, and fiber.

Sugars and starches get broken down for energy usage and storage in our cells, tissues, and organs. Fiber passes through the body mostly undigested, and helps regulate digestion, blood sugar, and cholesterol.

Are all carbohydrates the same?

The answer is yes and no. All carbohydrates, no matter the food source, are broken down into glucose and enter the bloodstream. But, depending on the food source, they can have a different effect on glucose levels.

For example, the glucose from a donut or candy causes a much steeper spike in glucose levels than a whole wheat sandwich.

What food items contain carbohydrates?

Here’s a short list of foods that contain carbohydrates:

How much carbohydrates should I eat?

The amount of carbohydrates you should eat depends on how active you are, your weight, your basal metabolic rate, and any medicines you might take.

Your dietitian or Diabetes Educator will help you figure out the right amount for you. When you know the amount of carbohydrates that is right for you, you can choose foods and portion sizes to help you meet your blood sugar goals.

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